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  Priene-Miletus-Didyma
PRIENE

Priene is located near Gullubahce 15 kilometers from Söke . The city which is settled according to the plan of the famous Architect Hippodamos of Miletos is of Hellenistic characteristic. Priene which reached the present day in a much better condition than the other cities was reigned by the Kingdom of Pergamon, the Romans and the Byzantines respectively. Prytaneum, Bouleuterion, the houses, Temple of Athena , the Great Church, Theater , Upper Gymnasion, Egyptian Temple, Sacred Stoa, Agora, Alexander the Great Temple or the Sacred House are opuses worth to see. The theater building from among these these dates back to 225-200 BC and the Temple of Athena constructed in 6x11 column style dates back to 4th century BC. The agora where the parliament building, the Prytaneion, the fish market and Zeus Olympos Altar are situated is the most important center of the city. In Priene there also stands a stadion dated back to the Hellenistic Period and a Gymnasion.

MILETUS

Miletus was an ancient city on the western coast of Anatolia (in what is now Aydin Province, Turkey), near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria. Evidence of first settlement at the site has been made inaccessible by the rise of sea level and deposition of sediments from the Maeander. The first available evidence is of the Neolithic.

In the early and middle Bronze age the settlement came under Minoan influence. Legend has it that an influx of Cretans occurred displacing the indigenous Leleges. The site was renamed Miletus after a place in Crete.

The Late Bronze Age, 13th century BCE, saw the arrival of Luwian language speakers from south central Anatolia calling themselves the Carians. Later in that century the first Greeks arrived, calling themselves Achaeans. The city at that time rebelled against the Hittite Empire. After the fall of that empire the city was destroyed in the 12th century BCE and starting about 1000 BCE was resettled extensively by the Ionian Greeks. Legend offers an Ionian foundation event sponsored by a founder named Neleus from the Peloponnesus.

The Greek Dark Ages were a time of Ionian settlement and consolidation in an alliance called the Ionian League. The Archaic Period of Greece began with a sudden and brilliant flash of art and philosophy on the coast of Anatolia. The first Greek science was devised by the Milesian School of philosophy

DIDYMA

Didim (Didyma) which is located within the boundaries of the village of Yeni Hisar in the Söke District of the province Aydın is famous for its Apollon Temple . The first excavations in Didim were made by the English under the direction of Newton in 1858. The excavations which started in 1905 under the direction of Th. Weigand were continued on a systematic basis until the year 1937. During this time a great protion of the temple was revealed. At present , the excavations and researchs are still carried on by german experts. Didim is known as the residence of a seer related to Miletus. It is understood from the latest excavations that Didim was not only the residence of a seer but a rather dense settling at the same time. It is suggested that the construction of the archaic temple started mid 6th century BC and completed at the end of the same century. The construction of the hellenistic temple started after Alexander the Great triumphed over the Persian. However it is understood from the remnants that the construction of the Hellenistic Temple was not finished. Didim today is one of the most important touristic places of Turkey.
 
 
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