The ancient city of Troy which has been the main theme of the epic poem Iliada and Odyssey by Homeros, one of the most famous poets of the antique world, and which is known as the place where the Great Troy battle took place stands within the boundaries of Çanakkale. It has been identified that this city was founded in the year 3000 BC and existed until 400 AD. The first excavations in Troy were carried out by a German, H. Schlieman in the year 1870. The remains of a city comprising 9 layers was unearthed in the 9th phase of Troy.
One of the main objectives throughout the campaign for the ANZAC soldiers was to capture the hill at Chunuk Bair. The hill was the second highest point in the central foothills and offered views of both the Aegean sea to the West and the Dardenelles straight to the east making it an ideal point for the allies to mount their guns. The hill was captured once on the 8th of August by NZ troops and lost again on the 10th. The hill is now the sight of the Chunuk bair cemetery and Chunuk Bair New Zealand memorial which bears the names of 850 men thought to have died there.
This site was created after the armistice and holds the casualties of the Battle of Gully Ravine that took place between June and July 1915. The casualties were mainly British with a small number of ANZAC soldiers. Today there is a both British and New Zealand memorials on the site with 2,226 unknown graves.