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TURKEY INFO => Canakkale
This site was created after the armistice and holds the casualties of the Battle of Gully Ravine that took place between June and July 1915. The casualties were mainly British with a small number of ANZAC soldiers. Today there is a both British and New Zealand memorials on the site with 2,226 unknown graves.
An attack that was mounted towards Achi Baba ridge, which dominates the South of the peninsula was forced to stop due to fatigue of the troops at the village of Krithia. Ground was gained after Indian and British troops were brought in to reinforce, but heavy casualties were suffered from by both sides and there was no break through.
The cemetery here was enlarged substantially after armistice now containing 602 commenwealth servicemen.
‘Skew Bridge’ takes it’s name from a wooden bridge that was built during the campaign over the Dere stream just behind allied lines. The cemetery was in use during the campaign and enlarged after the armistice. it now contains graves of 607 men and memorials to british and Australian troops known to be buried somewhere in the area.
On 25th of April 1915 the 1st Lancashire Fusiliers landed on the ‘W’ beach and met heavy machine gun fire. They had to scramble through trenches and cut through large wire entanglements to capture the slopes. Heavy casualties were suffered, but they succesfully achieved their objective and gained control of the slopes.
Over 1200 men are now buried here from the battle that took place on the site as well as from other parts of the peninsula and some who were originally buried on the Aegean islands.
The British troops landed at various points around Cape Helles, most of which were very heavily defended with wire entanglements, mines, artillery shell fire and  machine guns. The main objective was to capture the large hill of Achi Baba.
Standing at the Sourthern tip of the peninsula, the memorial here is for the campaign itself and all the commonwelth soldiers who lost there lives through the campaign. 20,763 are recorded on the memorial.
British forces landed here as part of a co-ordinated attack on 5 beaches across the Southern point of the peninsula on 25th April. Troops stormed the beach from a 2000 tonne steam ship as part of a very ‘trojan’ plan. Things did not go according to plan and heavy casualties were suffered as troops scrambled off the vessel and were shot down by machine guns.
A cemetery was begun here on the second day of the landing and was in use until May 1915
Meaning ‘key of the sea’ this is the site for the ‘V’ beach where British forces landed on 25th April. it was also the home to a castle from 1659 and a fort equipped with heavy artillery that was heavily attacked by the royal navy on 3rd November 1914 killing 86 Turkish soldiers and causing heavy damage.
Taking it’s name from a fortified chain of strong points accross the southern end of the peninsula built for the battle of Krithia. The allied advance was stopped at this heavily guarded position in May.
The cemetery was in use during the campaign and now contains the graves and comemortions for 2,027 allied troops.
The French troops at Gallipoli known as the Corps Expeditionnaire D’orient, were made up of French soldiers and French colonial African troops. it surprises many people to hear that the French suffered the third largest amount of casualties during Gallipoli after the Turkish and British. Over 10,000 French troops are thought to have lost there life during the campaign.
The French cemetery today sits above the site of the ‘S’ beach with over two thousand individual grave markers.
The Canakkale Sehitleri Aniti (Canakkale Martyrs Memorial) is the largest memorial on the peninsula and sits at the head of Morto bay. it was constructed by the Turkish Republic during the 1950’s as a memorial to all the Turkish troops that defended the country against the invasion at the Dardenelles during the WW1.

Lieutenant Colonel Charles Doughty-Wylie was the recipient of the Victoria cross medal for his bravery organizing and leading an attack along with another officer Gareth Neville Walford around the village of Seddüllbahir. Both men were killed during the attack on the strongly entrenched Turkish troops and today Doughty-Wylie is buried near where he was killed and is the only one British or Commonwealth grave on Gallipoli.

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