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TURKEY INFO => Istanbul
The Obelisk was erected by the Pharaoh Thutmosis III in the year 1450 BC in Egypt to commemorate his victories in Asia. It is known that a ship was built upon the commissioning of Justinianus to the Alexandrians in 361-363 AD to carry the obelisk to Istanbul. But it is not known when the Obelisk was brought to Constantinopolis exactly. The Obelisk which stands at the Sultanahmet Place in İstanbul was left lying until the reign of the Emperor Theodosius between 379 and 395 AD. and later it was situated onto the wall called “spina” where it rests now. It is the oldest structure currently present in Istanbul.The length of the Obelisk, a piece of 6 meters of which is missing, is 19.59 meters. It rests on four bronze blocks on a 6 meter high marble base. The obelisk is also known as the “Obelisk of Theodosius” named after the base it rests on. The reliefs on the base depict the battles of Theodisius I and his experiences in İstanbul. It is known that there was a bronze globe symbolizing the earth on the top of the Obelisk and that this globe fell during an earthquake in 865 AD. There are Latin and Hellenistic inscriptions on the base. In the hieroglyphs mention is made of the Egyptian Gods Amun-Ra, Horus and the Pharao Thutmosis. The reliefs on the base depict Theodisius I, his sons, his wife, Arkedios, Honorios and Emperor Valantinianos II. There are scenes from the hippodrome and depictions showing the erection of the Obelisk as well.